carabus-morphocarabus-zawadzkii-dissimilis-csiki-1906-topotyp.jpgcarabus-morphocarabus-zawadzki-dissimilis.jpg

Profile of species

лат. Сarabus (Morphocarabus) zawadzkii dissimilis Kraatz, 1854; укр. Турун Завадського відмінний

 

Description:
Imago. All intervals of elytra of Сarabus (Morphocarabus) zawadzkii dissimilis are uniform and well defined, the dots here relatively large and deep. Pronotum is more narrow than in nominative subspecies. The body color is diverse.
Larva.

 

Distribution: East and West Carpathians
Localitets:loc.typ.: near Uzhgorod, Ukraine; near Dobromyl, Ukraine; SE Slovakia, Slanske vrchy, NE Hungary: Zemplen Mts.

Biotops: Forests

 

Daily activity: Noctual
Seasonal activity: V-VII

 

Trophic base: Zoophagous
Life cycle: 1 year
Conservation status: Not endangered
Population size: No data

Notes:
Personal comments of Ruslan Panin

For the long time С. (Morphocarabus) zawadzkii dissimilis, now synonym of zawadzkii (Lorenz, 2005), was wrongly considered as C. scheidleri pseudopreyssleri Breuning, 1932, = scheidleri helleri, (Puchkov, A.V., 2008. A Review  of the Ground Beetles of the Genus Carabus (Coleoptera, Carabidae) of  Ukraine. Vestnik Zoologii 42 (3)); or in the better case as C. zawadzkii ronayi Csiki, 1906.  As I remark, the true ronayi  has not any relationship to zawadzkii  http://carabidae.pro/carabidae/scheidleri-ronayi-csiki-1906.html.

Jiri Niedl (1956) in his famous work “Monografie ceskoslovenskych druhu tribu Carabini. Cast. I.” doubts about validity of subspecies status zawadzkii dissimilis, and cited C. scheidleri pseudopreyssleri  from the locality where I collected С. zawadzkii dissimilis.
The taxon dissimilis  is a low-mountain, western population of C. (Morphocarabus) zawadzkii. It is really hardly differs exteriorly from C. (Morphocarabus) scheidleri pseudopreyssleri  because of the presence of four primary intervals of elytra, the main external differential character of C. (Morphocarabus) zawadzkii , are almos absent here. This character have only a few very large females. All intervals of elytra of dissimilis are uniform and well defined, the dots here relatively large and deep. Pronotum is more narrow than in nominative subspecies. The body color is diverse.

It should be noted that not all specimens of C. zawadzkii s.str. have four primary intervals (on 20-30% specimens of population this character are missing). The further we go from the type locality of dissimilis (Uzhgorod), and as the rise in the mountains, the more transition features to nominative form we find. But at altitudes 200-300 m where I collected beetles in this season, there were no one sample (from near 40) similar to nominative subspecies.
Other population of C. zawadzkii dissimilis was found by me in the similar habitat on the north side of Carpathians Mountains (Dobromyl district, 2006). However, it is less definite externally – only the marginal forms are differ conspicuously.